Shinyanga Soil Conservation and Afforestation Programme (SHISCAP)

organization & administration : (Guidelines for practical implementation of SHISCAP). by Shinyanga Soil Conservation and Afforestation Programme.

Publisher: The Programme in [Dar es Salaam]

Written in English
Published: Downloads: 111
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Edition Notes

Caption title.

LC ClassificationsMLCM 2000/00805 (H)
The Physical Object
Pagination7 p. :
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL962697M
LC Control Number95980809

  The role of the Permanent Presidential Commission of Soil Conservation and Afforestation in promoting soil and water conservation / George K Mburathi (9 p.). -- Strategies and contraints of planning soil and water management programmes on the catchment basis in western Kenya / P.A.M Misiko (12 p.).   CAMPA Funds. The Forest (Conservation) Act of governs diversion or use of forest land for non-forest purposes such as industrial or developmental projects. Since forests are an important natural resource and provides us with a variety of ecological services, the Forest (Conservation) Act of mandates that non-forest land, equal to the size of the forest being diverted be afforested. Soil erosion in India. Excessive soil erosion in India combined with consequent high rate of sedimentation in reservoirs and decreased soil fertility has led to grave environmental problems. Soil erosion mostly affects practically all kinds of lands such as the forest lands, agricultural lands, arid and semi-arid lands, surface mines, roads, construction sites, coastal areas etc.   Government supported programs such as the Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) and Wetland Reserve Program (WRP) that promote afforestation can increase atmospheric C sequestration and conservation (Cubbage ; Sampson ) and benefit other conservation issues such as soil erosion and wildlife habitat (Carey et al. ; Osborn ).

Target By , promote the implementation of sustainable management of all types of forests, halt deforestation, restore degraded forests and substantially increase afforestation and . Physical soil conservation measures Physical soil conservation structures are permanent features made of earth, stones or masonry, designed to protect the soil from uncontrolled runoff and erosion and retain water where needed. • Selection and design of structures depend on: • Climate and the need to retain or discharge the runoff. 5. Soil conservation is the process where (a) soil is aerated (b) soil is protected against loss (c) sterile soil is converted to fertile soil (d) soil erosion is allowed. Answer: (b) 6. Which of the following is an anti-forest conservation activity? (a) preservation of wild animals (b) . It is a book with 8 chapters and is based on my Phd thesis of work done in Shinyanga. The work identifies and analyses information communication strategies of development workers in Shinyanga from a gender perspective and discusses how issues such as power relations, attitude of development workers, organisational cultures influence communication in the Shinyanga : Teach at Tanzania Institute of .

Soil microbial biomass, activity and community structure of the two layers were investigated by chloroform fumigation, substrate respiration and phospholipid fatty acid analysis (PLFA), respectively. In the organic layer, both NF and SF exhibited higher soil nutrient levels (carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus), microbial biomass carbon and.   However, while it has appeared difficult to address these issues because of what FAO says is a “high proportion of the local communities depending on the land for their sustenance,” an ambitious afforestation programme could just be what will help Zimbabwe meet its multilateral obligations to address desertification and deforestation. Soil loss has been measured in Shinyanga region over a long time period. Rates in the 's were twice the rates of the early 's ( tons/ha/year, ; tons/ha/year, ). In the first part of his talk, he showed how changes in large-scale land cover (e.g., afforestation) and form (e.g., terracing) contribute to the significant water yield decrease at the catchment scale and how improper land use has contributed to soil degradation and negative economic impacts over the .

Shinyanga Soil Conservation and Afforestation Programme (SHISCAP) by Shinyanga Soil Conservation and Afforestation Programme. Download PDF EPUB FB2

This study focuses on Ethiopia's attempt at introducing soil conservation and afforestation innovations aimed at reversing the process of degradation of its agricultural resource-base. It considers the tenure ambiguity, uncertainty, and insecurity stemming from the state ownership of land under which these innovations were attempted.5/5(1).

Table 1: Regime Shifts and Restoration in Shinyanga Sources: MalcolmBarrow et al.Monela et al.adapted from Folke et al. In a response to this inthe Government of Tanzania started the Shinyanga Soil Conservation Programme, or HASHI (In Swahili Hifadhi Ardhi Shinyanga, Barrow et al.

).Cited by: 4. Ngitili involves the conservation and restoration of rangelands for livelihood security. Ownership and management rights of Ngitilis were governed under customary law.

Since HASHI (Shinyanga Soil Conservation programme) has emphasized the in-situ conservation of wood and grasslands. Between and a total area of 78 ha was.

Inthe government came up with a program called the Shinyanga Soil Conservation Initiative (HASHI), which relied on the traditional local practice of Ngitili (dry-season fodder reserves), an enclosure system where farmers conserve or plant trees in the grazing lands which then provide livestock feed and wood for energy and construction.

HASHI is a government project that has revitalized an indigenous tradition of in-situ conservation (ngitili) that declined due to insecure land tenure. Shinyanga Soil Conservation Programme.

The forest landscape restoration (FLR) approach to reforestoration is described, using 3 cases from East Africa: (1) the Shinyanga Soil Conservation Programme in Tanzania; (2) the restoration of over 30 ha of Acacia tortilis-dominated woodland in Turkana District, Kenya; and (3) the restoration of degraded forest in Mount Elgon, Uganda, as part of a C sequestration project.

Afforestation and Reforestation Projects under the Clean Development Mechanism Foreword FOREWORD I was very pleased upon learning that the secretariat’s Sustainable Development Mechanisms programme would be bringing out a manual to assist stakeholders in developing afforestation and reforestation projects under the clean development mechanism.

Source: PIB & Ministry of Environment & Forests The overall objective of the National Afforestation Programme (NAP) scheme is the ecological restoration of degraded forests and to develop the forest resources with peoples’ participation, with a focus on improvement in livelihoods of the forest-fringe communities, especially the poor.

NAP aims to support and accelerate the on-going. In order to keep the land productive, a good conservation program is imperative.

Soil and water conservation is the basis of such a program, and also helps improve land impoverished by erosion and overuse—makes it more productive so that it can support more people. For effective conservation of soil and water, we must treat and use the.

Moreover, it is the most widely used soil conservation practice throughout the world (Hanway and Lafl enMountjoy and GliessmanSutikto and ChikamoriFranti et al.Ruecker. Soil Conservation and Afforestation in Shinyanga Region: Potentials and Constraints.

Mission Report to NORAD, Dar-es-Salaam, Tanzania. Nairobi: Norad, Tanzania. Barrow, E. & W. Mlenge (, May). Trees as key to pastoralist risk management in semi-arid landscapes in Shinyanga. in conservation agriculture are highin protein and vitamins. The Principles of Conservation Agriculture Conservation Agriculture takes advantage of natural ecological processes to conserve moisture, enhance soil fertility, and improve soil structure, and to reduce soil erosion and the presence of diseases and pests.

The quantity of soil loss (DSL) was × 10 4 ta −1, which was equivalent to % of total soil erosion ( × 10 8 t, Bulletin of soil and water conservation in China, ) in the Yangtze river basin in and to % of total soil erosion ( × 10 8 t, Bulletin of soil and water conservation in China, ) in the.

National afforestation programme: The scheme titled National Afforestation Programme (NAP) has been formulated by merger of four 9th Plan centrally sponsored afforestation schemes of the Ministry of Environment & Forests, namely, Integrated Afforestation and Eco-Development Projects Scheme (IAEPS), Area Oriented Fuel wood and Fodder Projects Scheme (AOFFPS), Conservation.

Central Soil and Water Conservation Research and Training Institute, Afforestation, Avenue plantations. Book Name Eds: Suraj Bhan and Sanjay Arora Year Plan period by initiating programme. Integrated conservation programme: While carrying out development activities like construction of roads, buildings, bridges etc.

the structures of the environment are also changed as per the need. There may be a change in landform, cutting down of trees, change in the structure of river etc. barren land, etc. Afforestation and conservation. Moreover, afforestation could lead to substantial economic values of other ecosystem services, such as tourism, biodiversity, soil and water conservation, and pollution reduction (Liu et al., ).

The ecological and socioeconomic effects of China’s GGP on ecosystem services show that implementing such ecological restoration projects is a. Zakayo Muyaka, Assistant Commissioner, Soil & Water Conservation, Ministry of Agriculture, Animal Industry & Fisheries, Uganda.

The Pearl Of afforestation with at least 60 tree nurseries. Programme is in progress. Overview. Inthe government of Tanzania launched the Shinyanga Soil Conservation Programme (HASHI) with the aim of restoring severely degraded woodlands in the Shinyanga Region and providing local villagers access to important natural resources.

The book entitled ``Biodiversity Conservation and Sustainable Utilization of Biological Resource'' is a result of National Conference on sustainable Utilization of Biological Resources held during March,at Department of Botany, Dr.

Harisingh Gour Vishwavidayalaya, Sagar (M.P.) ical diversity is the result of interaction between climate, organisms, topography, parent. Try the new Google Books. Check out the new look and enjoy easier access to your favorite features achieved activities afforestation agricultural annual Australia benefits Britain carried cent century changes Chile clear Commission companies conservation considered continued costs countries cover created decades demand early economic.

- Shinyanga Soil Conservation) programme in Tanzania as a case study example. Landscape restoration for multiple objectives The landscape is a complex system (Parrot et al., ) composed of biophysical, social, economic, and governance elements.

It is the dynamic equilibrium resulting from the. Integrated Watershed Development Programme It constitutes (i) soil and water conservation interventions (ii) vegetation development including crops, plantations, orchards, agro-forestry systems and (iii) alternative livelihood supported enterprises like.

Social forestry is the management and protection of forests and afforestation of barren and deforested lands with the purpose of helping environmental, social and rural development. The term social forestry was first used in by The National Commission on Agriculture, when the government of India aimed to reduce pressure on forests by planting trees on all unused and fallow lands.

The projects include soil and water conservation, dam's rehabilitation, counter marker ridge construction, afforestation, natural regeneration management, roads.

COVID Resources. Reliable information about the coronavirus (COVID) is available from the World Health Organization (current situation, international travel).Numerous and frequently-updated resource results are available from this ’s WebJunction has pulled together information and resources to assist library staff as they consider how to handle coronavirus.

The Permanent Presidential Commission on Soil Conservation and Afforestation (PPCSCA) was a Kenya government Commission established to promote conservation and afforestation, monitoring progress and coordinating the activities of the different organizations involved.

It was established in and was made up of members representing different regions of the country. and members working with forest ecosystems. The goal of forest conservation is achieved through pro-moting protection, restoration and sustainable use of forest resources, so that forests provide the full potential range of goods and services.

The programme makes contributions to policy at various levels and uses field projects to derive. Zimbabwe loses more thanhectares of forests through forest fires and deforestation annually, according to the Forestry Commission, a government body in charge of policing and protecting.

Soil erosion by water, wind, and tillage affects both agriculture and the natural environment. Soil loss, and its associated impacts, are some of the most important environmental problems of today. It is mostly due to poor land-use practices, which include deforestation, overgrazing, unmanaged construction activity, and road or trail building.

Conservation agriculture was developed in Brazil and Argentina in the s, and adheres to three core principles: Minimize soil disturbance: absent tilling, farmers seed directly into the soil.

Maintain soil cover: farmers leave crop residues after harvesting or grow cover crops. Manage crop rotation: farmers change what is grown and where. Powerful dust storms are the main hallmark of Iceland’s ongoing soil degradation crisis. The persistence of the crisis is the reason why Iceland’s reforestation program was established such a long time ago – at the end of the 19th century.Compensatory Afforestation.

bamboo, fuelwood, carbon sequestration, soil conservation, water recharge, and seed dispersal. Afforested land is expected to take no less than 50 years to start delivering comparable goods and services.

To compensate for the loss in the interim, the law requires that the Net Present Value (NPV) of the diverted.